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The Tenets of Turkish Foreign Policy After 24 June Elections

With a decisive victory of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in the first round of the presidential elections held on June 24, 2018, Turkey ushered into a new era in terms of the country’s political system as well. Turkey has opted out the parliamentary system and adopted the executive presidential system of governance. In this respect, some significant changes with regard to judicial, executive and legislative branches of the government and new regulations relevant to these modifications will have considerable repercussions. One may argue that the new political system would have impacts both upon Turkish domestic politics and foreign/security policies alike. It is crucial therefore to encounter questions such as whether there will be a tremendous shift in the tenets of Turkish foreign policy.

Since the mid-2000s, the question of the direction/shift in Turkish foreign policy has become the subject of a vivid discussion in the academic and international public opinion. It is to be noted that these sorts of debates take place at times, like when Turkey has become dialogue partner with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) that enables to ask whether Turkey leans to the ‘East’. Intensifying the debate, Turkey remains one of the best constructive partners of the West. Turkey cooperates diplomatically, economically, and militarily with Western countries including the United States (US), European Union (EU), and with NATO on a variety of issues ranging from Afghanistan to Ukraine. Yet, at the same time, Turkey deepens its ties with Russia and Iran in the Middle East.

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Sibel KARABEL
BİLGESAM Research Coordinator

Elnur İSMAYIL
Dr., BİLGESAM General Coordinator

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